“The Air Force had put out a secret order for its pilots to capture UFOs. For the last six months we have been working with a congressional committee investigating official secrecy concerning proof that UFOs are real machines under intelligent.....”
Major Donald Keyhoe, during a live TV broadcast on CBS in 1958 in which he was pulled from the air when he began to deviate from the prepared format of the programme.
"The Keyhoe Archives includes significant UFO research material from Major Donald Keyhoe, Richard Hall, the Fund for UFO Research, Isabel Davis, Ted Bloecher, Dr. James McDonald, Marshall Cleaver..
Journal of UFO History - A Publication of the Donald E. Keyhoe Archives
Donald Keyhoe graduated from the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD, in 1920, with a BS degree and a commission as a second lieutenant in the USMC. Keyhoe became a Naval aviator, piloting both balloons and airplanes in the period between the World Wars. After a flying accident in Guam he was medically retired from the military. During World War II he was recalled to active duty with the rank of major in the USMC.
When the first "flying saucer" sightings were reported in June,1947, Keyhoe, an experienced pilot, was skeptical. True asked him to investigate UFOs in 1949. He interviewed numerous pilots as well as military officers in the Pentagon. Keyhoe discovered that expert observers had seen the unexplained discs, many at close range. His article "Flying Saucers Are Real" in the January,1950 issue of True became one of the most widely read and discussed articles in publishing history, and caused a sensation. In January, 1950, the article was expanded into a paperback book. In 1957, Keyhoe became Director of the newly formed National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) in Washington, DC. Under Keyhoe's leadership NICAP gave serious publicity to the UFO phenomena throughout the 1960s and encouraged subsequent Congressional hearings.
Letter to President Truman from Major Donald Keyhoe, Director of the NICAP, 3 February 1959:
On February 3, 1959, retired Major Donald E. Keyhoe, Director of the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), writes to former President Harry Truman about UFOs.The three page letter with attachments argues that there is a UFO cover-up and press censorship then describes the legal regulations (AFR 200-2 and JANAP 146) that officially invokes espionage laws in relation to both military and civilian pilots reporting UFOs. Here is a sampling of some quotations: "One of our aims is to expose frauds; another is to convince the press and public that this is a serious problem despite the ridicule...caused by the official debunking policy, which is now used to obscure the concerned and intensive investigation of Air Force and other agencies," or "There is a mass of evidence supporting our claims as to UFO reality and official censorship," or "As Admiral Hillenkoetter told me some time ago, the only way to break the secrecy is by means of open hearings on Capitol Hill."
The attachments to this letter are equally interesting, included is a long list of names and occupations of 120 witnesses to UFO events, mostly pilots, military officers and credible civilians; many have direct quotations about their sighting or the UFO enigma. Two short articles are also included, one on UFO censorship and the other titled "Radar Absorbing Material May Create Serious Problem.".
Donald Edward Keyhoe was one of the most prominent people in the world of UFOs in the 1950s, 60s and 70s. His influence on ufology was great. His five books and numerous magazine articles about UFOs convinced countless thousands of people that UFOs are real. Because of him, many of those readers became UFO researchers themselves who are still active today. This article by Bob Pratt recounts his conversations with Donald Keyhoe.
Conversations with Major Donald Keyhoe
AIR FORCE CENSORSHIP OF TV BROADCAST ABOUT UFOs STIRRED CONTROVERSY IN 1958.
In one of the more bizarre incidents of UFO history, a major CBS Television broadcast about UFOs, sponsored by a large corporation, was cut off the air when Maj. Donald E. Keyhoe, USMC (Ret.) departed from the script and started to ad lib.
The "Armstrong Circle Theater," sponsored by the Armstrong Cork Company of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, was a popular program at that time. The UFO discussion, broadcast on Jan. 22, 1958, was titled UFOs: Enigma of the Skies. It had been carefully scripted under the strong influence of the Air Force.
Frustrated by the continued efforts of the Air Force to control what he wanted to say, Maj. Keyhoe started to announce that NICAP (the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena, which he directed) had been working with a Senate committee to investigate UFO secrecy, when the sound level of the audio - very obviously -- was abruptly cut.
When CBS-TV was deluged with phone calls, letters, and telegrams protesting what appeared to be overt censorship, CBS justified the action by stating:
"This program had been carefully cleared for security reasons....public interest was served by the action taken by CBS."
Script for the show found in Blue Book Archives
Originally posted by JimOberg
I'll need to go through the files to see what material he was collecting on the astronaut UFO encounter stories, and especially any reports to him directly from his man at Cape Canaveral, Clark McClelland. Did you come across anything like that in your own survey?
This topic has been quite thoroughly discussed.
McClelland did work for NASA. He was trained as a Spacecraft Operator (not an astronaut). He may have worked as one for a very brief time before he was "let go".
The Chop Clearance List
The NICAP Evidence Report
A synthesis is presented of data concerning Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) reported during the past 20 years through governmental, press and private channels. The serious evidence is clarified and analyzed. The data are reported by categories of specially trained observers and studied by patterns of appearance, performance and periodic recurrence.
The UFO Evidence - published by NICAP
Originally posted by karl 12
As for Clark McClelland, I think he's a highly questionable character and Phage makes a good point below about the humongous thread already written about his claims.
Originally posted by karl 12
reply to post by JimOberg
Hey Jim -have never seen any mention of Keyhoe substantiating McClelland's story either in the files or elsewhere - Michael Lindemann does mention here that Richard Hall once gave a character reference for him to his CNI news journal but I don't know how true that is.
"There is no other conclusion I can reach but that for six hours on the morning of the 20th of July, 1952 there were at least ten unidentifiable objects moving above Washington....I can safely deduce that they performed gyrations which no known aircraft could perform. By this I mean that our scope showed that they could make right angle turrns and complete reversals of flight".
Senior Air Route Traffic Controller Harry Barnes.
"I saw several bright lights. I was at my maximum speed, but even the I had no closing speed...Later I chased a single bright light which I estimated about ten miles away. I lost visual contact with it at about two miles".
Lt William Patterson, F-94 Pilot who chased UFOs over Washington DC, 1952.
The 1952 UFO Sighting Wave, Part 1 (pdf)
Tribute to Major Donald Keyhoe.
Major Keyhoe's knowledge of aviation and Government affairs, and his high-level military contacts, were put to work when NICAP was officially launched in 1957.Among Keyhoe's Annapolis classmates were Adm. Delmer Fahrney, chief of guided missiles for the Navy, who signed off on the 1957 press release announcing the formation of NICAP, and Adm. Roscoe Hillenkoetter, first director of the Central Intelligence Agency, who served as a Board Member for several years.
Vice Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter
"It is time for the truth to be brought out in open Congressional hearings. Behind the scenes high ranking Air Force officers are soberly concerned about the UFOs. But through official secrecy and ridicule, many citizens are led to believe the unknown flying objects are nonsense."
Vice Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter - the first Director of the CIA, 1947-50.
Admiral Delmer S. Fahrney
"No agency in this country or Russia is able to duplicate at this time the speeds and accelerations which radars and observers indicate these flying objects are able to achieve... there are objects coming into our atmosphere at very high speeds."
Statement by Admiral Delmer S. Fahrney, former head of the Navy's guided-missile program, January 1957
UFOs and Donald Keyhoe: The Forgotten Champion
If you don’t know about Major Donald Keyhoe he was the first real UFO researcher. He created NICAP. In the early days of “Flying Saucer” investigations those pursuing an answer to these objects did not know the debunkers were not going to play fair. Keyhoe understood the workings of the Air force and why they did what they did with the UFO phenomenon… but he trusted scientists and felt debunking was a service.
He expected Donald Menzel (Astronomer) and other scientists to formulate their explanations based upon all of the data. This, of course, did not happen. On Menzel’s investigation of three pilot encounters, Keyhoe was shocked by his explanations. It seems Menzel had simple prosaic answers to all of them including the famous “UFO Mantel Jet crash” . Keyhoe couldn’t understand how Mensel came to these conclusions. “Hadn’t he seen the investigation reports by Bluebook”. Keyhoe had mentioned earlier in his book, “Flying Saucers From Outer Space” how he believed Menzel was sincerely searching for answers. But get this: Keyhoe checked with Project Bluebook and found Menzel hadn’t read any of the three reports on these pilots sightings because he hadn’t requested them.