Malinda Cramer

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Malinda Cramer
Malinda Cramer.jpg
Malinda Elliott Cramer in an 1890 photo.
Born Malinda Elliott
12 February [O.S. 12 February] 1844
Greensboro, Indiana, United States
Died 2 August 1906(1906-08-02) (aged 62)
San Francisco, California
Cause of death Tuberculosis
Resting place Woodland Park Cemetery
Residence 324 17th Street, San Francisco, CA
Nationality American
Occupation Minister, author
Years active 1887 - 1906
Employer Home College
Known for Founder of the Divine Science movement
Religion Divine Scientist
Spouse(s) Charles L. Cramer
Children Frank Cramer
Parent(s) Obediah Elliott and Armelia Hinshaw
Part of a series of articles on
New Thought

Malinda Elliott Cramer (February 12, 1844 – August 2, 1906) was a founder of the Church of Divine Science, a healer, and an important figure in the early New Thought movement.


Cramer was born in Greensboro, Indiana, the daughter of Obediah and Mary Hinshaw Elliott. Hoping to alleviate a persistent health problem, she moved to San Francisco in 1872, where she met Charles Lake Cramer, a photographer, whom she married in 1872.[1] Despite the move, health problems continued to plague her, making her an effective invalid.

In 1885, perhaps under the impetus of Christian Scientist Miranda Rice,[2] Cramer had what she described as a divine revelation after an "hour of earnest mediation and prayerful seeking"[3] and "that hour was the beginning of my realization of the oneness of Life, [and] a gleam of its Truth flashed across my mental vision".[4] Within two years she was healed.[5]

Divine Science[edit]

Main article: Divine Science

In 1887, she began to practice faith-healing herself. In October 1888, Cramer inaugurated Harmony, a monthly journal.[6] In May 1888, she and her husband opened what would become the Home College of Divine Science.[5] The term "Divine Science", however, was not coined by Cramer, but had been used earlier by Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, as well as by Wilberforce Juvenal Colville, who had published a book by that title that year.

In 1892, Cramer founded the International Divine Science Association, a forerunner of the International New Thought Alliance, which would interconnect the various New Thought centers. In 1893, she helped open the second Divine Science College, in Oakland, and undertook several cross-country missionary trips.[7]

Between 1893 and 1898, Cramer trained Nona L. Brooks,[8] ordaining her as a minister in the Church of Divine Science on December 1, 1898. Brooks returned to Denver and, with sisters Fannie Brooks James and Alethea Brooks Small, formed a church there,[9] one which would eventually become the home church of the denomination.[10]

Cramer died August 2, 1906, in San Francisco, due to a recurrence of her tuberculosis as a result of the aftermath of the great San Francisco earthquake.[11]


Malinda Cramer was the author of several books, including:[12]

  • Divine Science And Healing.
Originally published as Lessons in the Science of Infinite Spirit, and the Christ Method of Healing by C. W. Gordon (San Francisco) 1890.
Revised edition was published as Divine Science and Healing C. L. Cramer (San Francisco, CA), 1902.
In 1905, published as Divine Science and Healing: A Text-book for the Study of Divine Science, Its Application in Healing, and for the Well-being of Each Individual, Home College of Divine Science (San Francisco).
In 1957, published as Divine Science: Its Principles and Practice, Fannie B. James, ed., Divine Science Federation Int'l, (Denver), 1957.
  • Hidden Harmony
Published as Malinda Cramer's Hidden Harmony, Joan Cline-McCrary, ed., Divine Science Federation International (Denver), 1990.
  • Basic Statements and Health Treatment of Truth: A System of Instruction in Divine Science and Its Application in Healing and for Class Training, Home and Private Use, 1893.
Eighth edition, 1905.


  1. ^ "Malinda Cramer", Gale Contemporary Authors Online.
  2. ^ Contemporary Authors Online
  3. ^ Cramer, p. 16.
  4. ^ Cramer, p. 19.
  5. ^ a b Satter, p. 98.
  6. ^ Satter, p. 98, although "Malinda Elliott Cramer", Religious Leaders of America states that Harmony was launched in late 1888.
  7. ^ "Malinda Elliott Cramer", Religious Leaders of America.
  8. ^ Albanese, p. 316.
    Miller, p. 326.
  9. ^ Keller, p. 758.
  10. ^ First Divine Science Church of Denver.
  11. ^ "Nona Lovell Brooks", Gale's Religious Leaders of America.
  12. ^ Information in this section largely from Contemporary Authors Online with additional material from and Google Books.

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Mercer, C. William (November 2014). PRESENT AT THE BEGINNING (1ST ed.). NEW YORK, NY: INSTANTPUBLISHER. p. 120.